Before Knowing Broccoli Growing Stages, Lets introduce about broccoli. Broccoli is one of the most nutritious winter vegetables. Broccoli looks just like cauliflower but the difference is in the color. The difference between these two vegetables is that cauliflower is white and broccoli is green. Its color is green, so many people call it a green flower copy. This vegetable is one of the main ingredients used in Chinese cuisine. It has a lot of protein, vitamin C and minerals and I like the smell of broccoli.
If you make seedlings from broccoli seeds, it takes about a month to catch broccoli on that plant. But the advantage is that broccoli is a plant that you can keep in all shapes and sizes. As a result, keeping the tree at home is not a very difficult task. In this article, we will know the rules for making seedlings from broccoli seeds, the rules for growing broccoli seeds and every stages of growing broccoli. Hope if you read the whole article carefully then you will get complete idea about Broccoli cultivation method.
Broccoli Growing Stages
First of all, the thing that we have to take care of is that to get a good yield, we must save the seeds of good varieties. Broccoli comes in different varieties, the notable foreign varieties are DiCicco, El-Centro, Premium Crop, Green Comet, Green Duke, Crusader, Topper 43, Dundee, Italian Green, Spreading Texam 107, Walam 29 etc. Broccoli is only green in color. is not It has different color variations. There is also eggplant or white broccoli.
Sowing time : From Bhadra-Ashwin (mid-August-mid-October) months. Seeds are sown in seedbeds till the month of Kartik (Mid-November). But the last week of September is the best time to sow the seeds.
Amount of seeds: 150 grams of seeds are required for cultivation in one hectare.
1.Germination of Broccoli Seeds
The initiation of broccoli plant growth, from a seed to a seedling, is called germination. At this stage, your broccoli seeds will need enough nutrients, water, oxygen and temperature to germinate. At this developmental stage, plant your broccoli seeds indoors, in a seed-starting tray, the ideal temperature for growing broccoli is between 65-85 °F. Under normal conditions, broccoli seeds will begin to germinate in 5-10 days.
For making seedlings from seeds, seed beds should be prepared first if you want to cultivate in the field and those who want to grow broccoli in tubs should prepare the soil in advance. To sprout broccoli seeds, first wash and soak the broccoli seeds for 12 hours, then sprinkle them on a seed bed to germinate. And those who want to cultivate in the tub should take the soil in the tub and then sprinkle the seeds on the soil. 70% soil and 30% organic fertilizer should be mixed while preparing the seed bed for growing stages of broccoli seeds. And those who want to cultivate in the tub should take the soil in the tub and then sprinkle the seeds on the soil. It will take a maximum of five to seven days to grow from seed to seedling.
2.Sprouting Broccoli Seedlings
Your broccoli seeds will begin to germinate within ten days. At this point, you should move the seedlings to a cooler environment and maintain a growing temperature between 60 and 65 degrees Fahrenheit. Keep the seedlings indoors until they are about four weeks old.
Your plants should grow about four or five mature leaves and some roots before transplanting them into garden soil or a larger container. Seedlings should be planted in rows 12 to 20 inches apart with three feet between rows.
Be sure to keep the soil slightly moist but not waterlogged to encourage new growth. You can also feed your seedlings with a low-nitrogen, slow-release fertilizer to help them grow.
In the vegetative stage, broccoli seedlings will differentiate, elongate, and expand to produce actual sets of leaves, roots, and stems. At this stage, the broccoli plant is mature enough to take up nutrients and water from the soil and synthesize food using sunlight through photosynthesis.
The vegetative stage usually lasts a short time before flowering. Need to feed with low nitrogen fertilizer. Avoid feeding your broccoli with fertilizers that are high in nitrogen. Nitrogen cannot make your broccoli heads. Alternatively, you can feed your broccoli with compost that has a high carbon content.
4.Weeds and weeds in broccoli cultivation
It is best to weed just before fertilizing. This allows the fertilizer to mix well with the soil and reduces fertilizer wastage. The land must be kept free of weeds until the plants are fully leafed. But remember that broccoli is a shallow-rooted crop. Therefore, the soil near the base of the plant should not be planted deeper than 5 cm. If the soil of the bed or land becomes hard and compacted, it must be broken up with a hoe or spade.
Insect and disease control in broccoli cultivation
Fields can be attacked by insects during broccoli cultivation. Locally produced organic pesticides should be used for pest control. The most harmful pest of broccoli in our country is the leaf beetle. Also other insects include Crossodolmia leda beetle, Bitcha beetle, Horse beetle etc. Also among the various diseases of broccoli, leaf spot and black rot are major problems. Besides, the seedlings are attacked by diseases such as wilt, root rot, mosaic, etc.
Harvesting is the last part of broccoli growing stages . 60-70 days after planting broccoli is the best time to harvest the inflorescences. Collect the flowers by cutting off the 3-inch-wide flower buds with a sharp knife or blade. In this way, broccoli can be harvested from the same land several times over a period of 1 month. The flowering allowance should be collected in a fairly frozen state.
Learn About Five Benefits of Broccoli:
According to nutritionists, broccoli is rich in iron. A good source of vitamin A. Also it is good for skin. Helps reduce cholesterol. It has a lot of antioxidants. It contains a lot of calcium. Helps to eliminate waste products from the body.
- Broccoli has double the vitamin C of lemon and seven times of potato. It is said that those who need vitamin C can eat a small amount of broccoli every day.
- Broccoli’s beta-carotene and selenium, along with vitamin C, help fight prostate, colon, lung, liver, breast, and pancreatic cancers.
- Selenium boosts the body’s immune system. Due to its high vitamin A content, it prevents bacterial infection on the skin. Broccoli can also prevent colds.
4.Prevention of Gastritis
- Broccoli is very effective in preventing gastric ulcers and gastritis. It contains much more vitamin U (a derivative of methionine) than cabbage. It contains sulforaphane which prevents gastric ulcers and cancer.
- Broccoli helps prevent premature aging by preventing active oxygen and detoxifying the body.